Architect and Architectural Engineer
Architectural engineers are those who work closely with an Architect, having knowledge of design as well as structures.
Architectural engineering is a relatively new licensed profession, emerging in the 20th century because of the rapid technology advancement of the Industrial Revolution. Architectural engineers are the engineers that specialize in making buildings
Architects design all kinds of buildings. They design schools and skyscrapers. They design hospitals and hotels. They also design churches, train stations and plain old regular houses.
Any building that is used by people was probably designed by an architect.
Okay then, but what does the word "design" mean? A design is simply a plan. Before constructing a building, an architect needs to draw a plan of the building. Sometimes architects will make a cardboard or plastic model of the building.
The building is then built by a construction company, which follows the directions of the plans for the building. The architect will closely supervise the construction company to make sure that the building is built according to the plans.
Okay then, but what does an architect do when he or she draws up a plan?
Architects have to think of many things before they draw up the plans for a building. First they have to think about what the building will be used for. How many people are going to use the building at the same time? What types of activities will these people do in the building?
An office building will need lots of small rooms for offices. A school will need many medium-sized rooms for classrooms. And a train station will need one larger room for hundreds of people to pass thru at the same time