A connected building boasts an integrated communications infrastructure that supports wired and wireless networks and applications. It also facilitates person-to-person, person-to-machine and machine-to-machine communications within the building and with the outside world using a state of the art intelligent, flexible, wired and wireless platform. The platform supports wired LAN, Wi-Fi, in-building wireless, audio/visual, sensors, lighting and building management applications. Buildings are also becoming cloud connected as an essential part of smart grids and smart cities.
The three essential components of intelligence are technology, function, and economy.
Over the past 20 years, many different buildings have been labelled as intelligent. However, the application of intelligence in buildings has yet to deliver its true potential.
1.The Green: The Edge, Deloitte, Amsterdam
Employees don’t have assigned desks or parking spaces at The Edge. Instead, the building uses numberplate recognition to allocate them a parking space when they arrive. And, because it’s connected to their profile and calendar, it assigns them an appropriate workspace based on their schedule and tasks.
2.The People Pleaser: Capital Tower, Singapore
Capital Tower was one of the first smart buildings built. It has a fully integrated intelligent building management system (IBMS) that aims to please its occupants at every juncture. Intelligent features include high-speed lifts with live news and stock market updates and a state-of-the-art car park guidance system.
3.The Comfortable: Glumac, Los Angeles, CA
It is the first Net Zero Tenant Improvement Living Building Challenge registered project in the United States. The building has a heat recovery retrofit, which recycles and redistributes the existing environment, as well as chilled sails for efficient climate control. Glumac's office makes use of natural daylight with large windows and an open-plan design, fostering a collaborative and connected workspace.
4.The Clean: Glumac, Shanghai, China
The building lets employees monitor the toxicity of indoor and outdoor air via a mobile app. And with air purification systems and greenery laced into the wall space, it's a far cry from the often highly-polluted environment outside of the building.
Intelligent buildings are laying the foundation for a future of smart cities, where centralised data systems provide continuous analytical insights that enable us to improve and control occupant comfort, energy efficiency and sustainability.